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Accounting Methods for Professional service firms

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  • Accounting Methods for Professional service firms

    When starting a business, you have to determine the method you are going to use for accounting and paying taxes. The two choices are the cash method and the accrual method.

    Cash Method

    If you are looking for simplicity, the cash method is probably your best accounting choice. Generally, income and deductions can be claimed when payment is actually received or made. This is best shown with an example.

    I open a small business and have to order business cards and stationary. I receive the services and pay the invoice on November 18, 2007. Under the cash method, I can deduct the cost on my 2007 tax return.

    Some businesses are restricted from using the cash method. C corporations may only use the cash method if they have less than $5 million in gross revenues for a particular year. Professional Service Corporations can use the cash method without limit, while farming corporations can due so if gross revenues are less than $25 million. Tax shelters are prohibited from using the cash method.